When was Comedy Invented? The Origin & The Tragedy of Stand-Up
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Comedy is an art form designed to entertain people through laughter. It has found widespread applications in theatre, films, television shows and literature alike. While comedy comes in a variety of forms, certain elements are universal. These include slapstick, physical comedy and satire.
Comedy is a literary genre meant to make people smile. It has been around since ancient times and can be found in numerous forms, such as theatre, stand-up comedy shows and films.
Literature often conveys truths and ideas the reader may not have previously considered. For instance, William Shakespeare's Twelfth Night explores the complexities that arise from concealment and misperceptions around identity.
Showing the audience that carelessly pursuing someone in love can have negative outcomes, Oscar Wilde's The Importance of Being Earnest also delves into the difficulties caused by confused identities. Contrary to tragedy, which often centers on royalty and the wealthy, comedies often feature everyday people.
This is because comedic characters tend to be more relatable. Comedy is believed to have its roots in a phallic ritual or celebration associated with Dionysus, according to Aristotle in his Poetics work. This term derives from "comedy," which comes from the verb "to revel." As Aristotle noted, these songs originated with male choruses.
Ancient Candidates for the Origins of Comedy
The origins of comedy have long been debated. While some scholars have attempted to trace its development back to a phallic ritual, a more likely candidate can be found in Ancient Greek theatre.
Lysistrata, a play by Aristophanes, displays much satire against war and stupidity.
Yet beneath the laughter lies an intense sense of desperation.
The peloponnesian war was an exercise in futility; thus Lysistrata's humorous tone may be intended to make a serious point about people's predicament.
In The Clouds, Aristophanes takes a turn toward more satirical comedy by attacking philosophers and sophists of his time for using philosophical argument to enslave and corrupt young citizens of Athens.
Old Comedy is often scathing in its critique of philosophy and politics while not lacking religious elements. Many of these comedies feature numerous hymns invoking gods and goddesses alongside visions of morally reformed citizens of Athens as part of their message.
Comedy and the Visual Evidence
Visual comedy has been an integral element of human art for millennia. Whether it was a painting, sculpture or song, the artist sought to create an image that would provoke laughter among their viewers.
It is also essential to recognize visual comedy has its roots in literature. Writers often employ humorous situations and word play as a way of encouraging their readers or audiences toward positivity.
Early silent films like Safety Last and Charlie Chaplin's The Kid frequently featured humorous slapstick actions taken from live theatre performances that had been used for centuries before being brought into filmmaking. However, with the invention of sound, slapstick became more refined and comedians began using verbal humor and clever dialogue in their acts. Bob Hope, a former vaudeville performer, followed suit and transitioned his show onto radio in the 1930s.
This revolution brought about a new form of comedy that was more intimate and daring in its social commentary. It also opened the door for some great comic film-makers such as Jacques Tati and Woody Allen to gain popularity. Ultimately, sight gags combined with verbal comedy became one of the most beloved genres in cinema.
Etymology and Origins of Comedy
Comedy, as we know it today, was first created during Greece's Classical Age. It was a form of drama performed at the same festival as satyr plays and tragedies.
Early comedies were typically loosely plotted and didn't follow a set storyline. This made them more adaptable than their tragic counterparts, allowing scenes to be moved around for comedic effect whenever it made sense.
Drama, on the other hand, had strict requirements that scenes follow a logical progression and are connected in an orderly fashion. Aristophanes is renowned for crafting his plots so intricately that they remain difficult to follow even today.
Comic drama's origins remain mysterious, but there are a few theories worth considering: One possible theory is that comedies were born out of a phallic ritual or festival celebrating the triumph of eros. This would explain the wild characters, extravagant costumes and imaginative settings found in Old Comedy; however, this connection is tenuous and relies on scant primary evidence.
Genre Development of Comedy
Comedy is a form of drama designed to amuse and entertain its audience. It may also highlight people's shortcomings or problems within society. Comedies come in many forms, such as classical romantic drama, satire and comedy of manners.
Classical romantic dramas typically depict an idyllic world where a young couple meets and falls in love; they usually navigate through some difficult circumstances before eventually getting married. Satire is a form of comedy that uses clever language to ridicule human behavior. It achieves its humorous effect by highlighting different issues in society and making fun of them.
Farce is a type of comedy that utilizes outrageous and slapstick humor to create hilarious scenarios. It is typically marked by bizarre coincidences and intricate comic plotlines involving deception, disguise, and mistaken identity.
Comedy has evolved throughout history and remains popular today. It also stands as one of the most adaptable genres, capable of mixing with other styles to form unique sub-genres.
Comedian Evolution: From Ancient Times to the Press
Comedy has been around since ancient times. Early comedies were lighthearted and cheerful, while silent films featuring actors like Charlie Chaplin brought it into mainstream popularity. Aristophanes, one of the greatest comedy writers ever, was an insightful observer of human nature and politics in ancient Athens. His plays had great depth as well, featuring themes that touched on all aspects of human existence.
Old Comedy was a form of Greek tragedy that originated in Athens around the fifth century B.C. It featured coarse humor that ridiculed mythology and Athenian society alike.
Terracotta figurines and vase paintings depicting comic performers wearing grotesque masks with tights and padding on the rump and belly suggest this form of comedy was popular in Athens at that time. However, some scholars believe it wasn't its own genre but rather an innovation within tragedy which wasn't fully appreciated until later antiquity.
Old Comedy was thought to have developed during times of social stress and rapid cultural shift. Perhaps this explains why they did not append satyr plays to tragic trilogies like tragedians had done, but instead created entirely comic plays on their own like Cratinus and Eupolis did.
Comedy is a genre of film, literature and theater that involves making people laugh. It is an iconic form of storytelling found throughout all cultures on earth. Aristotle noted that comedy not only brings people joy, but it can also be used to expose social problems. This is accomplished through satire - making fun of people's flaws.
Comedies often revolve around complex situations that a protagonist must navigate before finding their happy ending. This serves to demonstrate that life can be full of difficulties and complications.
Comedy has a long-standing tradition, with roots in ancient Greece. There, comedians would perform songs and recitations related to fertility festivals or gatherings as part of an entertainment package.
However, it wasn't until the 1930s that comedy started to move away from vaudeville-style acts and focus on social commentary. Bob Hope - a former vaudeville performer - was one of the first comedians to adopt this new direction with his material.
In the 1950s, a new style of stand-up comedy began to gain momentum on television variety shows and gained widespread appeal among audiences. Additionally, those responsible for starting this trend shifted their acts away from slapstick gags into more personal situations.
To Wrap It Up
In conclusion, comedy and tragedy have been intertwined for centuries, with Aristotle's distinction between the two genres still informing our understanding of them today. From the ancient Greeks to modern-day stand-up comedians, comedy has taken many forms and subgenres, including romantic comedy, burlesque, and parody. While tragedy deals with serious and often fatal themes, comedy deals with the lighter side of life, often satirizing social institutions and foibles. As the source of amusement and laughter, comedy has been an essential part of human culture since the fourth century BCE, with phallic processions and other festive rituals serving as early examples. The incongruity and improbable situations depicted in comedic works often involve sexual humor, which can be both better than the average and ignoble.
In the 19th century, comedy became a popular art form in its own right, with the emergence of the stand-up comedian and the rise of comedy as a source of entertainment in theaters. While some comedic works aim to imitate life, others involve parody and satire, poking fun at social conventions and vice.
Karl Marx, saw it as a means of challenging the status quo and exposing societal contradictions. In the 20th century, comedy continued to evolve, with the emergence of new subgenres such as neurotic comedy and the rise of comedic film.
In the scholarly community, comedy and tragedy are often studied together, with the American Journal of Philology and Johns Hopkins University Press being just two examples of publishers that focus on both genres.
While tragedy deals with the emotions of pity and fear, comedy aims to amuse and entertain, often through the depiction of comic elements such as incongruity and the reversal of expectations.
Despite the many subgenres and conventions of comedy, the art form remains a source of amusement and pleasure for audiences around the world.
From the private persons who perform comedy in their local communities to the biggest names in stand-up and film, comedy continues to thrive and evolve, bringing joy and laughter to people of all ages and backgrounds.
People Also Ask
What is the origin of comedy?
Comedy has been around since the 4th century B.C.E, originating in Ancient Greece. It evolved as a form of entertainment that provided contrast to the more serious and tragic forms of art, such as tragedy and epic poetry.
How is comedy different from tragedy?
Comedy and tragedy are two distinct forms of drama that have different purposes. While tragedy often deals with serious themes and has a somber tone, comedy is meant to be light-hearted and humorous, often poking fun at the follies of human nature.
Who is considered the father of comedy?
Aristophanes, a Greek poet, is considered the father of comedy. He was a prolific writer who created works that blended humor, satire, and social commentary.
What is the source of humor in comedy?
Humor in comedy often comes from the contrast between what is expected and what actually happens. This can involve physical comedy, wordplay, satire, and parody.
How did comedy evolve over time?
Comedy has evolved throughout history, taking on different forms and styles depending on the cultural context. In the 1890s, for example, mime and dance became popular forms of comedy, while in the 70s, stand-up comedy emerged as a popular source of entertainment.
What is the role of imitation in comedy?
Imitation is a key element of comedy, as it involves mimicking human behavior and highlighting the contradictory and absurd aspects of life. This is often done through caricature and satire.
How do comedy and tragedy relate to the humanities and social sciences?
Comedy and tragedy are important subjects of study in the humanities and social sciences, as they offer insights into human behavior, social norms, and cultural values. They provide a lens through which to examine society and understand the complexities of the human experience.